Research - All sponsored research and development activities, and research training activities and other separately budgeted research. Research is composed of the following types:
Basic - Research undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge without any particular application or use in mind. For examples click here.
Applied - Research conducted to gain the knowledge or understanding to meet a specific, recognized need. For examples click here.
Development - The systemic use of the knowledge or understanding gained from research directed toward the production of useful materials, devices, systems, or methods, including the design and development of prototypes and processes. For examples click here.
Instruction - All activities which are part of the instructional program, including teaching and non-research training activities, organized activities relating to educational departments, extramural teaching and correspondence study; excludes office of college deans and equivalent academic administration.
Public Service - Cooperative extension, short courses and conferences, institutes and other non-instructional services beneficial to external groups.
Scholarship/Fellowship - Grants-in-aid, trainee stipends, tuition and fee waivers and prizes.